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                木屋的防虫要注意什么?

                来源:http://www.jnajgc.com 时间:2021-11-15

                木屋因为材料是木质的,所以我们有其中优势的时候,缺陷也是伴随而来的,那么木屋有哪些会引起昆虫的核心点
                Wooden houses are made of wood, so when we have advantages, defects also come with them. What are the core points of wooden houses that cause insects
                木屋的防虫是木屋可以长存必不可少的要素之一。主要啃食木材的昆虫是白蚁和甲虫。白蚁的危害要比甲虫广泛严重
                Insect prevention of wooden houses is one of the essential elements for the long-term survival of wooden houses. The insects that mainly eat wood are termites and beetles. Termites are more harmful than beetles
                白蚁是一种活动隐蔽,并且群居的昆虫。在世界上白蚁的种类多达2000多种,在中国的种类也高达近百种之多其主要分布在长江流域和南方温暖潮湿的地方。白蚁主要以木材和水作为主要食材。白蚁的生活有畏光性,当白蚁到巢外觅食时,都是在泥土筑成的蚁路中进行。故常在木构件而求靠近水源的地方筑巢。所以厨房、浴室等阴暗潮湿部分的木构件容易受白蚁的侵蚀。
                山东济南防腐木花盆
                Termites are hidden and social insects. There are more than 2000 species of termites in the world and nearly 100 species in China. They are mainly distributed in the Yangtze River Basin and warm and humid places in the south. Termites mainly feed on wood and water. Termites live a photophobic life. When termites look for food outside the nest, they are carried out in the ant road built of soil. Therefore, nests are often built near the water source for wood components. Therefore, wooden components in dark and humid parts such as kitchen and bathroom are easy to be eroded by termites.
                在中国常见的侵蚀木材的甲虫有家茸天牛、粉蠹、家天牛、和长蠹。幼虫时候在木材内蛀成一个坑道,老熟后在坑道末端成蛹,成虫羽化后向外咬一椭圆形孔飞出。天牛是以木材的纤维为食,其主要危害的木材是木麻黄等阔叶树材。粉蠹及长蠹以木材的淀粉和醣类为食,以危害阔叶树材的边材为主。管孔较大的栎木、山核桃、刺槐等树种受害烈。幼虫将木材内部蛀成粉末状,只剩下一层薄薄的外壳,周围有许多密集的小虫眼,周边并有粉末状碎木屑。
                The common beetles that erode wood in China are longicorn beetle, bark beetle, longicorn beetle and bark beetle. The larva moths into a tunnel in the wood. When it is mature, it becomes a pupa at the end of the tunnel. After eclosion, the adult bites an oval hole and flies out. Longicorn beetles feed on the fiber of wood, and its main harmful wood is broad-leaved trees such as Casuarina equisetifolia. Bark beetles and bark beetles feed on wood starch and sugars, mainly sapwood endangering broad-leaved trees. Oak, Carya cathayensis, Robinia pseudoacacia and other tree species with large pipe holes were severely damaged. The larvae moth the interior of the wood into powder, leaving only a thin shell, surrounded by many dense insect eyes and powdered sawdust.
                甲虫主要蛀食是含水量较低的木材,而白蚁对潮湿的木材只是较严重。因此防虫措施就是是木材与水源隔,对减少白蚁对木材的危害有明显的效果。但构造上的防潮对防虫仅是一种辅助措施,凡是有白蚁或甲虫的地区,木结构和木制品均应备有防虫药剂并进行处理。
                Beetles mainly eat wood with low water content, while termites are only more serious to wet wood. Therefore, the pest control measure is to isolate the wood from the water source, which has an obvious effect on reducing the harm of termites to the wood. However, the moisture-proof structure is only an auxiliary measure for insect prevention. In all areas with termites or beetles, wood structures and wood products shall be equipped with insect prevention agents and treated.
                为了保证木屋的耐久性,世界各国都采用既能。如用硼酸、硼砂和五氯酚钠配制的硼酚合剂,是一种水溶性的药剂。这些药剂都又能防腐又能防虫。
                In order to ensure the durability of the wooden house, countries all over the world adopt the existing energy. For example, the boron phenol mixture prepared with boric acid, borax and sodium pentachlorophenol is a water-soluble agent. These agents are both antiseptic and insect resistant.
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                Today's sharing is about antiseptic wood flowerpots in Jinan, Shandong. More content will be shared here. Please continue to pay attention to us: http://www.jnajgc.com